Ingredients Spotlight: Lactic Acid

What is Lactic Acid?

Lactic acid is part of the Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs) group, it is a naturally occurring carboxylic acid found in many foods. It’s a chemical exfoliant which breaks down and dissolves the structure of dead skin cells without causing sensitivity


What are the benefits of Lactic Acid?

  • Increases the ceramides in the skin’s epidermis
  • Increases water retention
  • Prevents congestion
  • Improves pigmentation

How does Lactic Acid work?

When applied topically lactic acid interferes with the bonds between the cells on the epidermis, breaking off dead, rough skin cell, this therefore promotes cell turnover and the growth of healthy, younger cells, resulting in a more even and smooth complexion. Lactic acid also increases the ceramides in the skin’s protective barrier, this increases water retention in the dermis, creating more even and hydrated skin.


Which of our FTT Skin Clinics products contain Azelaic Acid?

 

 

FTT Prime and Protect SPF 20 – Daily Moisturiser with SPF 20

Organic UVA and UVB filters, 2% Hyaluronic Acid, 2% Vitamin E, 5% Aloe Vera

An ultra-skin nourishing and anti-ageing moisturiser, providing all day hydration and protection. Harnessing peptides, to tighten and firm whilst diminishing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Skin loving antioxidants encourage cell re-growth and regeneration. Your skin will be thoroughly hydrated whilst looking fresher, firmer and tighter.


FTT Refine – Intensive Eye Serum

1% Lactic Acid, 7% Refined Silica, 4% Vitamin E, 1% Vitamin C

Refine is an intensive eye serum which actively works to rejuvenate and repair the signs of ageing. Containing a unique blend of ingredients including vitamin E to hydrate, almond oil to repair and protect against the signs of ageing and lactic acid which has gentle resurfacing properties to diminish the appearance of crow’s feet and visibly improve clarity and tone.


Ingredients Spotlight: Glycolic Acid

What is Glycolic Acid?

Glycolic acid is naturally derived from sugar cane and is arguably the best of all alpha hydroxy acids. It works to dissolve the thickened bonds of dead skin on the epidermis, exfoliating the upper surface, to reveal newer, more hydrate skin. Alpha hydroxy acids have been proven to affect the deeper layers of the skin; this is achieved by increasing the gel matrix which plumps the skin. Glycolic acid is often found in acne targeting products due to its ability to reduce pore size, it is also popular in anti-ageing products for its ability to rejuvenate the skin and reduce fine lines and wrinkles.


What are the benefits of Glycolic Acid?

  • Unclogs blocked pore, dissolving blackheads and whiteheads
  • Exfoliates the epidermis, exposing younger, plumper cells
  • Removes excess oil, preventing further breakouts
  • Protects against free radicals and strengthens skin barrier

How does it work?

Glycolic acid is a chemical exfoliant, it dissolves the thickened bonds of dead skin on the epidermis, allowing dead skin cells to slough off more rapidly than they would in an ordinary skin cycle; this then increases cell turnover and causes the younger, plumper skin cells to surface.

Glycolic acid also has inhibiting capacity against the production of MMP’s, also known as collagenase. This acid stimulates the skin to create more collagen, helping to fight against the visible signs of ageing such as fine lines and wrinkles.

 


Which of our FTT products contain Glycolic Acid?

FTT Foaming Wash

FTT Reveal – Glycolic Wash

5% Glycolic Acid, 2% Salicylic AcidContains the natural clinically proven AHAs, glycolic and citric acid to gently remove the build-up of dead skin cells together with salicylic acid to remove impurities and excess oil. This combination will cleanse the skin and increase cell turnover revealing new younger looking cells while preparing the skin for the further application of recommended daily care. Massage one pump onto dry skin. Leave on the skin for a few minutes to get to work before rinsing with warm water and patting dry. Do not use as an eye make-up remover. Can be used once or twice daily.


Ingredients Spotlight: Alpha Arbutin

What is Alpha Arbutin?

Alpha-arbutin is a synthetic and functional active ingredient for skin lightening. It is a biosynthetic ingredient, derived from bearberry, bearberry extract is broken down to produce hydroquinone, hydroquinone and dextrin (a sugar) reacts with a glycosylating enzyme to produce alpha arbutin. Alpha arbutin is considered a safer, but not less effective than hydroquinone, even at similar or greater concentrations!


What are the benefits of Alpha Arbutin?

  • Lightens skin.
  • Evens skin tone
  • Prevents melanin formation
  • Reverses existing pigmentation such as freckles, sun damage, age spots or liver spots etc

How does Alpha Arbutin work?

Alpha arbutin blocks melanin synthesis, resulting in lighter skin. It successfully blocks skin’s tyrosinase activity, therefore preventing and minimizing the formation of melanin. Alpha arbutin suppresses the enzymes that stimulate the production of melanin, without killing them, thus preventing the future formation of pigmentation.

Alpha Arbutin Vs Hydroquinone?

Alpha arbutin is a naturally occurring ingredient and is considered safe and effective.  Hydroquinone inhibits melanin production to lighten skin, but used over a long period of time it can damage pigment cells. Hydroquinoine is a prescription only topical medication found within the Obagi Nu-Derm Range which requires guidance, support and advice for usage.


Which of our FTT products contain Alpha Arbutin?

FTT Illuminate – Skin Lightening Serum

5% Azelaic Acid, 2% Alpha Arbutin, 2% Glutathione

This highly active serum provides a poly-focal, clinical, approach to areas of skin discoloration. It contains, azelaic acid to help calm inflammation, alpha-arbutin and glutathione to inhibit melanin synthesis, the main cause of pigmentation, together with vitamins E (and) C to provide antioxidant protection. Apply liberally to areas of concern at night-time only.


Ingredients Spotlight: Azelaic Acid

What is Azelaic Acid?

Azelaic acid is a dicarboxylic acid, it is naturally derived from grains, and is a white powder in its natural form. Azelaic acid is produced by a yeast known as Malassezia furfur, which naturally lives on the skins surface. It is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory so works to reduce rosacea and acne prone skin. Alongside this azelaic acid brightens and lightens the skin.


What are its benefits?

  • Unblocks pores and refines the skins surface
  • Evens out skin texture
  • Reduces pigmentation caused from sun damage
  • Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties

How does it work?

Azelaic Acid
Azelaic Acid

This image displays the effects of Azelaic Acid (AzA) or keratinocytes.

  1. Decreases ATP synthesis by inhibiting respiratory chain molecules in the mitochondrion.
  2. Reversibly inhibits DNA synthesis and cell proliferation in keratinocytes.
  3. Reduces filaggrin expression in keratinocytes

Azelaic acid is an anti-inflammatory ingredient, it helps to reduce the bumps, swelling and redness in acne prone skin, and prevents the formations of comedones. It works to treat the active acne by killing the bacteria that infects pores and decreases the production of keratin. It reduces expressions of kallikrein-5 (KLK-5) and pro-inflammatory cathelicidins such as LL-37. Azelaic acid also works to brighten and lighten the skin and reduce pigmentation by inhibiting the enzyme tyrosinase, which is needed for the production of melanin.


Which of our FTT products contain Azelaic Acid?

Illuminate – Skin Lightening Serum

5% Azelaic Acid, 2% Alpha Arbutin, 2% Glutathione

This highly active serum provides a poly-focal, clinical, approach to areas of skin discoloration. It contains, azelaic acid to help calm inflammation, alpha-arbutin and glutathione to inhibit melanin synthesis, the main cause of pigmentation, together with vitamins E (and) C to provide antioxidant protection. Apply liberally to areas of concern at night-time only.


Ingredients Spotlight: Vitamin C

What is Vitamin C?

Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid or ascorbate, is a vitamin found in several foods and is often sold as a dietary supplement or used in skincare. It is an essential nutrient for the repair of tissue and the enzymatic production of certain neurotransmitters. It is also used in skincare due to its anti-ageing benefits, vitamin c is a powerful antioxidant, protecting the skin from free radicals and toxins in the environment, which can lead to the breakdown of collagen, encouraging wrinkles and skin laxity.

 

Free radicals are essentially molecules of singular oxygen which can cause a lot of damage to proteins such as collagen and blood vessels and these can cause the skin to age. They are in high concentration in our bodies if we live in polluted areas, drink alcohol or smoke tobacco.

 

We cannot store Vitamin C in our bodies and do not produce it, so we must get it from our diet or apply it topically in skincare. Fortunately, it is readily absorbed in the skin and we can absorb more Vitamin C when applied topically as opposed to in dietary supplements.


What are the benefits?

  • Brightens and evens out skin tone
  • Reduces pigmentation
  • Shields skin from the visible impact of pollution
  • Improves hydration

How does it work?

When exposed to UV light the skin generates reactive oxygen species (ROS). These reactive oxygen species have a potential to start chain reactions that damage the cells, their DNA, and the cell membrane and cellular proteins, including collagen. Vitamin C is an ROS scavenger and mops up reactive oxygen species from the skins surface, preventing them from causing damage to the skin. This prevents the skin from damage caused by environmental toxins, and stops the breakdown of collagen, giving the skin and more full and brighter complexion.


Which of our FTT products contain Vitamin C?

FTT C-10 – Professional Strength Vitamin C Serum

10% L-ascorbic Acid

Our advanced signature C-10 serum uses scientific and evidence based formulas, offering daily antioxidant protection. C-10 contains stabilized L-ascorbic acid – a form of Vit C which is easily and quickly absorbed by the skin for greater potency. Apply daily to cleansed skin before applying SPF or makeup, gently massage until fully absorbed. For external use only.


FTT C-20 – Maximum Strength Vitamin C Serum

20% L-ascorbic Acid

Clinically proven L-ascorbic acid at its peak concentration of anti-oxidant activity, which is quickly absorbed to remove free radicals to prevent skin damage, helping to brighten skin and maintain a youthful appearance. This formulation is supported with vitamin E and ferulic acid to create this light, effective day serum. Apply to clean skin on face and neck as required. Products containing more than 20% Vitamin C do not have any additional clinical benefits as this makes its half-life shorter

More Ingredient Spotlights will be coming to soon so keep an eye out to stay in the loop!


Coronavirus Clinical Update

The team at FTT Skin Clinics wish to assure you that all measures to ensure we continue to provide a safe environment for your treatments will be taken.

  • Beyond the routine infection control measures we take as a matter of policy, staff will be extending disinfection to frequently touched surfaces which will be wiped down with alcohol or bleach between patients.
  • All visitors will be offered an opportunity to wash hands and an application of alcohol hand gel on arrival and departure.
  • If you are feeling unwell or if you have been in contact with anyone displaying symptoms, we ask that you don’t hesitate to reschedule your appointment until you are better.
  • Staff who feel unwell will also stay at home, so we ask for your understanding if this causes any inconvenience to you.
  • Our staff may be wearing face masks or other personal protective equipment during your treatment, this is just a precautionary measure to keep patients and staff well and you do not need to be alarmed!
  • Appointments will be scheduled to minimise the number of patients in the waiting room and we ask that you avoid bringing friends and family along, unless absolutely necessary.
  • Appointments via video call will be offered to new patients who would like to discuss treatment options and to existing patients that need advice or a review following treatment. Please contact the clinic for further information.
  • Most products used at the clinic are sterile and single use so you will be protected if you do proceed with treatment.
  • We are constantly reviewing and following the advice from Government and NHS Scotland and will keep everyone informed via our website and social media if the situation changes.

Aside from the above, we will be continuing to practice as usual and we would like to thank you for your support.

Of course, we will be monitoring advice from authorities and will advise of any further measures we need to take.  If you have any concerns, don’t hesitate to speak to us.

Current Department of Health advice is linked here: www.nhs.uk/conditions/coronavirus-covid-19

 


Needle free Filler Results - Impending Necrosis

FTT Skin Clinics – Needle Free Filler Results.

IMPENDING NECROSIS

HAEMATOMA

VASCULAR OCCLUSION

This lady in the video was treated 12 hours previously by a beauty therapist with potentially disastrous results. Both the therapist and the patient knew something had gone badly wrong, “it felt like a golf ball had been shot into my lip”, “the pain was excruciating” and “I knew she had no clue what to do”.

The lady presented to A&E after phoning up NHS24, because, as a nurse, she knew something was seriously wrong. She was told it was a bruise in A&E.

12 hours after her “needle free filler” treatment, her lip and surrounding area had no feeling, was massively swollen, and she couldn’t feel her gums and she could see discoloration tracking up her nose. She knew this was a bad situation and that it wasn’t a bruise.

This lady has had emergency treatment at FTT Skin Clinics with a successful outcome after 8 hours of intensive care.  This lady was “lucky”, she could have lost her sight. This lady was “lucky” because she knew something was very wrong and took action to find us.

We know what to do in an aesthetic emergency.  Frances Turner Traill of FTT Skin Clinics is one of the Experts of the Expert Consensus Group for AESTHETICS COMPLICATIONS EXPERTS – ACE.

Please do not get this treatment done.  It’s just not worth the risk. Some points to consider…..

  1. If you are considering having dermal filler, why not consider a SAVE FACE and Healthcare Improvement Scotland (HIS) regulated clinic with a registered prescribing nurse, dentist or doctor (NMC, GDC, GMC)?
  2. How is a shot fired under pressure “safer” than a controlled depth injection with needle with aspiration or cannula by a prescribing nurse, dentist or doctor?
  3. What clinical evidence is there that it is safer?
  4. What happens if it goes wrong (what clinical pathways are in place)?
  5. What clinical papers have been published to prove the efficacy and safety of this procedure?
  6. Who is delivering the treatment?
  7. How does the pen work?
  8. Is it a sterile procedure?
  9. What training is undertaken?
  10. What is the volume of each shot fired, and at what depth?
  11. How does the operator control the depth of each shot?
  12. How much pressure is used to fire each shot?


Ingredients Spotlight: Salicylic Acid

What is Salicylic Acid?

Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid (BHA), phenolic compound, meaning that the hydroxy part of the molecule is separated from the acid part by two carbon atoms, instead of one (AHA). It is derived from willow bark and belongs to the salicylates. Salicylic acid is oil-soluble; therefore, it works on and below the skin’s surface, penetrating through the skin’s lipid layers with ease.


What are the benefits?

  • Unclogs blocked pore, dissolving blackheads and whiteheads.
  • Anti-inflammatory, reduces redness in existing acne.
  • Removes excess oil, preventing further breakouts.

 


How does it work?

Salicylic acid unclogs block pores by breaking apart desmosomes (attachments between cells in the outer layer of the skin), this allows the contents of the blocked pore to loosen, and be dissolved by the salicylic acid, along with the excess oil in the pore. It also has anti-inflammatory properties, causing red inflamed spots to fade faster.


Which of our FTT products contain Azelaic Acid?

Reveal – Glycolic Wash

5% Glycolic Acid, 2% Salicylic Acid

Contains the natural clinically proven AHAs, glycolic and citric acid to gently remove the build-up of dead skin cells together with salicylic acid to remove impurities and excess oil. This combination will cleanse the skin and increase cell turnover revealing new younger looking cells while preparing the skin for the further application of recommended daily care. Massage one pump onto dry skin. Leave on the skin for a few minutes to get to work before rinsing with warm water and patting dry. Do not use as an eye make-up remover. Can be used once or twice daily.


FTT Rejuvenate – Stimulating Daily Active Serum

12% Glycolic Acid, 2% Hyaluronic Acid, O.5% Salicylic Acid

Contains the natural clinically proven AHA, glycolic acid to gently remove the build-up of dead skin cells. It increases cell turnover to reveal the fresh, younger looking skin and it is effective at controlling breakouts, reducing pigmentation and fine lines.


Ingredients Spotlight: Hyaluronic Acid

What is Hyaluronic Acid?

Hyaluronic acid (HA) or sodium hyaluronate is a humectant, it is a hygroscopic ingredient, meaning that it draws moisture in from its surroundings. It can retain over 1,000 times its weight in water within the cells of skin, making it a brilliant moisturiser. The average human body contains 15 grams of HA, one third of this gets synthesised on a daily basis; 50% of the remaining is found in connective tissues throughout our bodies, the other 50% can be found in the skin as HA it is a major component of the extracellular matrix. Our naturally occurring levels of  HA decrease with age therefore it is great to have hyaluronic acid in a skincare routine to help plump and hydrate lacklustre, dry skin.


What are the benefits?

  • Improves skin hydration and production of collagen
  • Fights free radicals
  • Maintains skin elasticity
  • Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties to help with wound healing

How does it work?

When applied topically via skincare products the skin acts as a highly effective barrier and the hyaluronic acid molecules are too large to penetrate the dermis, which is where the moisture needs to be to help plump up fine lines and wrinkles. It sits on the skins surface and acts as a moisturiser due to its humectant properties, water is drawn into the skin from the surroundings, penetrating beneath the dermis, plumping up the skin, keeping it hydrated and supple. Hyaluronic acid is also an antioxidant, meaning it removes free radicals from the skins surface, preventing them causing damage to the skin.


Which of our FTT products contain Hyaluronic Acid?

FTT Hyaluronic Acid Serum

FTT Hydrate – Hyaluronic Acid Serum

15% Hyaluronic Acid Serum

Hydrate contains natural hyaluronic acid, a powerful humectant to attract moisture into your skin. Hydrate is suitable for use in all skin types and absorbs quickly to hydrate and keep skin supple. This active serum will help reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles whilst promoting an even skin tone and a youthful complexion. Optimal skin hydration helps to heal and soothe inflammation.


FTT Prime and Protect SPF 20 – Daily Moisturiser with SPF 20

Organic UVA and UVB filters, 2% Hyaluronic Acid, 2% Vitamin E, 5% Aloe Vera

An ultra-skin nourishing and anti-ageing moisturiser, providing all day hydration and protection. Harnessing peptides, to tighten and firm whilst diminishing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Skin loving antioxidants encourage cell re-growth and regeneration. Your skin will be thoroughly hydrated whilst looking fresher, firmer and tighter.


FTT Rejuvenate – Stimulating Daily Active Serum

12% Glycolic Acid, 2% Hyaluronic Acid, O.5% Salicylic Acid

Contains the natural clinically proven AHA, glycolic acid to gently remove the build-up of dead skin cells. It increases cell turnover to reveal the fresh, younger looking skin and it is effective at controlling breakouts, reducing pigmentation and fine lines.


FTT Recover – Active Night Cream

0.8% Retinyl Palmitate, 1% Hyaluronic Acid, Argireline (Hexapeptide 12)

Provides some much needed extra care for your skin to help it repair and renew from the stresses of the day whilst you sleep. It has been specifically developed to help rejuvenate through its antioxidant activity. It also re-hydrates your skin to allow overnight recovery and reveal a softer more youthful appearance for the new day ahead.


FTT Luxury Eye Serum

FTT Refine – Intensive Eye Serum

1% Lactic Acid, 7% Refined Silica, 4% Vitamin E, 1% Vitamin C

Refine is an intensive eye serum which actively works to rejuvenate and repair the signs of ageing. Containing a unique blend of ingredients including vitamin E to hydrate, almond oil to repair and protect against the signs of ageing and lactic acid which has gentle resurfacing properties to diminish the appearance of crow’s feet and visibly improve clarity and tone.


Ingredients Spotlight: Retinol

What is Retinol?

It is a type of vitamin A that naturally occurs in the skin, regarded the powerhouse of skincare ingredients. Retinol and Retin-A are very different but are both classed at retinoids; retinol is an over the counter vitamin A, Retin-A is a prescription only retinoid used to treat more severe acne, arguably 2 of the most popular Retin-A products are Tretinoin and Adapalene. Over the counter products range from 0.1% to 1% although not all products disclose their concentration sometimes making it difficult to tell the potency


What are the key benefits?

  • Encourages cell turnover
  • Smooths skin texture by sloughing off dead skin cells and promoting the production of new ones
  • Reduces dark spots and pigmentation
  • Reduces fine lines
  • Calms spot prone skin due to it’s anti-inflammatory properties
  • Increases the natural production of hyaluronic acid, collagen and elastin

How does it work?

When retinol is absorbed into the skin, enzymes work to convert it to retinoic acid, which overtime stimulates the production of new skin cells, fading away skin imperfections such as sun damage, hyperpigmentation and fine lines. Once absorbed and converted to retinoic acid, collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid levels increase; these perform as antioxidants, neutralising free radicals and prevent ageing inflammation.


Which of our FTT Skin Clinics products contain Retinol?

FTT R+ – 1% Liposomal Retinol Serum

A powerful and highly effective serum containing one per cent liposomal retinol, a stabilised vitamin A derivative which has been clinically proven to increase cell turnover. R+ will reduce pore size, resulting in firmer younger looking skin as well as reduce, visible signs of ageing including pigmentation and uneven skin tone.